Baisakhi, also called Vaisakhi or Vaisakh Sankranti, is an annual festival celebrated with great enthusiasm and zeal by Sikhs and Hindus. It is a spring harvest festival, so it generally falls in mid-April. Many Hindus also believe that Baisakhi marks the beginning of the New Year. However, it is not a universally accepted date. While Sikhs worldwide celebrate the festival, in India, it is majorly celebrated in Punjab and Haryana. While the festival is popularly known as Baisakhi or Vaisakhi or Vaisakh Sankranti, it is also called by different names in various parts of the country. For instance, in Assam, it is called Rangoli Bihu; in West Bengali, it is called Poila Baisakh; in Tamil Nadu, it is called Puthandu, whereas, in Bihar, it is called Vaisakha.
When is Baisakhi 2023?
In 2023, Baisakhi will be celebrated on April 14. As per Drik Panchang, this year, the auspicious timing for Baisakhi begins from 08:56 AM on April 14, 2023.
What is the history and story of Vaisakhi?
On March 30, 1699, Guru Gobind Singh Ji (the tenth and last Sikh Guru) formed Khalsa Panth. Guru Gobind Singh Ji baptised Sikh warriors to defend their religious freedom, and he also stated that from now on, all human beings will be equal. It is also noted that on the day of Baisakhi in 1919 when British General Dyer fired and massacred hundreds of innocent men, women and children at the Jillian Wala Bagh in Amritsar, Punjab. It was a peaceful gathering during India’s struggle for freedom from the British Raj. It’s been over 100 years since the ruthless massacre happened. Let us remember and pay our respect to the innocent people who were killed on this day.
What is the significance of Vaisakhi?
Since Guru Gobind Singh Ji founded the Khala Panth on this day, Baisakhi or Vaisakhi marks the establishment of this last Khalsa every year. On this day, people day bathe in the holy rivers like Ganga, Yamuna, Jhelum, etc. and then visit the Gurudwara. Baisakhi or Vaisakhi also marks the onset of the spring season. And so, it is also celebrated in other parts of the country though it is called by different names there. The festival is called Rangoli Bihu in Assam, Poila Baisakh in West Bengal, Puthandu in Tamil Nadu, Vaisakha in Bihar and so on. Many Hindus also celebrate it as a New Year. The festival also marks the harvesting of the Rabi Crops, so on this day, farmers pray and pay their respect to Gods– thanking the almighty for the harvest. The auspicious day is also celebrated as the Solar New Year.
All you need to know about Vaisakhi
Sikhs celebrate Vaisakhi by taking a dip in the holy river and visiting the Gurudwaras to seek God’s blessings on this auspicious day. The Gurudwaras are decorated and decked up for the festival; Kadha Prasad and langars are also offered on this day for devotees. Many processions known as Nagar Kirtans are led by five Khalsas dressed as Panj Pyaare, and they pass the streets early in the morning. Fairs are organised for the festival with folk songs, dance performances, mouth-watering food, and amusement rides. This is a festival of joy; people pray to the almighty for blessing, happiness, prosperity, and success.