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Gandhi Jayanti 2022

Gandhi Jayanti

Gandhi Jayanti 2022 in India commemorates the birth anniversary of the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi. This event is annually observed on October 2 and is regarded as a national holiday in India apart from Indian independence Day and Republic Day. In 2022, this event falls on Sunday, October 2. According to the United Nations general assembly, this day is the “International Day of Non-Violence” annually. Mahatma Gandhi and his contribution toward Indian freedom are remembered to this day. This day is regarded as one of the significant Holidays in 2022.

Is Gandhi Jayanti a Public Holiday?

Gandhi Jayanti is a public holiday (gazetted) observed all over India. This means every private or government institution, office, bank, school, university, academic institution, retail store and shopping mall remains closed throughout the day. This day is regarded as a public holiday for the general population. However, stores selling essential goods can operate in the evening. In addition, public transportation services work during restricted hours on the day of Gandhi Jayanti.

Gandhi Jayanti History

Gandhi Jayanti’s history holds relevant significance and commemorates the beginning of its observance. Mahatma Gandhi, known as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and dearly called Bapu by his followers, was born on October 2 in the year 1869. He is nationally and internationally known as an extraordinary figure who played a significant role in the Indian Independence Movement and politically and spiritually inspired people from around the world with his ideologies on Satyagraha and Non-Violence. 

 He was the one who took the initiative and started the Civil Disobedience Movement in both India and Africa. He influenced people to fight the Britishers with non-violence and dharma and kicked off both the Dandi March and Non-Cooperation Movement to win his country back from the hands of the Britishers. Gandhi’s contributions and preachings are known worldwide and taught to young children and students. He opted for a reliable and peaceful discussion for every conflict rather than fighting with violence. His assassination by Nathuram Godse on January 30, 1948, served as a massive loss to India and the world. Since then, his birth anniversary has been observed as Gandhi Jayanti every year.

How Is Gandhi Jayanti Celebrated?

Celebrations on Gandhi Jayanti are carried out in full force all across India. Some of them include memorial services, prayer meets, tributes at locations, essay competitions, theatrical competitions, art exhibitions, award ceremonies, movie screenings based on the life of Mahatma Gandhi and much more. 

 Some famous rhymes and hymns are sung on this day, such as “Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram” and much more. Flower garlands are offered to the statues and idols of Mahatma Gandhi on this day. The sale of alcohol is prohibited on this day as well.

Gandhi Jayanti Celebrations at Raj Ghat

Gandhi Jayanti is regarded as a national gazetted holiday in India, and celebrations on this day are carried out in full force. The Raj Ghat, located in New Delhi, is one of the famous locations where this event is celebrated. Meetings are held under the presence of the President and the Prime Minister of India, and solemn vows are taken. 

Gandhi Jayanti Celebrations in Schools

Seven schools, colleges, and academic institutions celebrate this event on October 2. In addition, we see several debate competitions, poetry recitals, theatrical plays, book fairs, and singing competitions in several schools and universities throughout India. 

Children enthusiastically participate in the event celebrations and observe international peace day. The lesson of Ahimsa, Non-Violence and Truth, is preached to budding minds. Debates based on the preachings of Gandhian philosophy are held where students or participants openly discuss several elements and principles. 

In some primary schools, fancy dress competitions are organized where children come dressed as Bapu. In addition, rallies and marches with banners conveying the message of non-violence and ahimsa can also be seen on the roads.

General Celebrations on Gandhi Jayanti

The general population carries out mass celebrations on the day of Gandhi Jayanti. Many local societies and cities organize memorial services and conduct local programs and prayer meets. In addition, art exhibitions, science fairs and essay writing competitions are held. 

Those who preach the lesson of non-violence and peace are also awarded communally. For example, the statue of Mahatma Gandhi is erected within societies, and garlands, flowers etc., are placed on it. 

Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti Symbols

The birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi is celebrated on a grand scale at the following three locations in India:

  • The Martyr’s Columnat the museum called Gandhi Smriti, located in New Delhi. This is the place where Mahatma Gandhi was shot dead by his assassin on January 30, 1948.
  • The Raj Ghatin New Delhi. Mahatma Gandhi’s body was cremated with proper rituals after his death on January 31, 1948.
  • The Triveni Sangam.The rivers Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati conjoin near Prayagraj, previously known as Allahabad.

Another item that symbolizes the spirit of this day is a woven cloth called “Khadi” and a hand spinning wheel. It is said that in the early 1900s in India, the Britishers managed and controlled the production and marketing of cloth. This encouraged Gandhiji to ask the natives of India to weave an Indian-style cotton cloth, later known as Khadi, using a traditional spinning wheel and boycott any foreign material.


1. Is Gandhi Jayanti a bank holiday in India?

Gandhi Jayanti is considered a bank holiday all over the nation.

2. Can meat or alcohol be consumed on this day?

One can consume meat or alcohol on the day of Gandhi Jayanti. However, the sale of alcohol is prohibited on this day.

3. His birth anniversary is celebrated worldwide by what name?

His birth anniversary is celebrated internationally as International Day of Non-Violence or International Peace Day.

4. How many times was Mahatma Gandhi nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize?

As astonishing as it may sound, Mahatma Gandhi was nominated for the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize five times.

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