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Guru Ghasidas Jayanti in Chhattisgarh

Guru Ghasidas Jayanti in Chhattisgarh

The birthday of Guru Ghasidas (Guru Ghasidas Jayanti) is celebrated in the Indian state of Chhatisgarh every year on December 18. It honours the founder and leader of Satnampanth, also known as Satnami Samaj, a religious movement similar to Sikhism. Ghasidas was born on December 18, 1756. His father was a farmer, so Ghasidas grew up experiencing the injustices of the Indian caste system. As an adult, he became enamoured with creating a society where Brahmins (the highest ranking of the four varnas) don’t have power over everyone, and all people are equal.
Guru Ghasidas spent six months as an ascetic, thinking about how to solve social inequality and injustice in a caste-dominated society. He developed a philosophical and religious doctrine based on the principle of the equality of all people. Upon returning from seclusion, Guru Ghasidas founded a religious community in the deep forests of Chhattisgarh, which welcomed all people, regardless of their caste.
Guru Ghasidas derived the name of his movement from the word “Satnam”, which appears in the Guru Granth Sahib, the central religious scripture of Sikhism. The first part of the world is derived from Satya, a Sanskrit word loosely translated as truth, essence, and everlasting. The second part is derived from nāma, a Sanskrit word for name, associated with creative power.
So, Satnam can be loosely translated as “whose name is truth”. It is used in Sikhism in connection with God, whose name is valid and everlasting (unlike Hinduism, Sikhism is a monotheistic religion). As you might guess, Satnami Samaj is very close to Sikhism. Some scholars think that the Guru Ghasidas may have been influenced by Kabir or Guru Ravidas, Indian mystic poets whose works were included in Guru Granth Sahib.
The teachings of Guru Ghasidas were based on four central values: truthfulness, non-violence, freedom and brotherhood. In addition, his followers were expected to adhere to seven basic rules: to believe in Satnam, not to kill any living creatures, to abstain from meat, not to steal or gamble, not to use drugs, to abandon the caste system, and not to commit adultery.
Guru Ghasidas was the leader of the Satnami movement from its foundation in the 1820s until his death (the exact date of which is unknown, but he is generally believed to have died in 1850). After that, his teachings were carried on by his son, Guru Balakdas.
Guru Ghasidas and his legacy are highly respected in Chhatisgarh. One of the state’s largest and oldest universities, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya, was named after him. And the birthday of Guru Ghasidas is celebrated as an official holiday.

When Guru Ghasidas Jayanti?

This regional holiday is celebrated on December 18 in the central Indian state of Chhattisgarh. The holiday marks the birthday of Guru Ghasidas on this day in 1756.

History of Guru Ghasidas Jayanti

  • Ghasidas was born on December 18 1756, in Girodpuri, Chhattisgarh, India.
  • Ghasidas experienced the caste system early, which forged his desire to eliminate social inequity.
  • Guru Ghasidas established the Satnami community in Chhattisgarh based on the Satnam (meaning “truth and equality”). The teachings and philosophy are similar to those of Hinduism and Buddhism.
  • The adults of the sect are required to wear only white garments and abstain from intoxicants and animal foods. In addition, they do not worship idols.

Significant Attractions Of Guru Ghasidas Jayanti

1. Morning Prabhat Pheris. The anniversary of Guru Ghasidas, considered the epitome of peace, is celebrated with great zeal among the locals. Prabhat Pheris are taken out early in the morning on the occasion of this festival by the people belonging to the Satnami Sect. People also dance in devotion while chanting Guru’s couplets which is quite an experience to witness.

2. Social Welfare Meetings and Community Building Functions. On the occasion of Guru Ghasidas Jayanti, many meetings, as well as social functions, are held at various places locally. The primary purpose of these meetings and parts is the welfare of society and how specific measures can be taken to improve people’s overall well-being.

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