Guru Gobind Sing Jayanti, also known as the Prakash Parv of Guru Gobind Singh, is the birth anniversary of the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh. In 2022, it shall be observed on 9 January 2022. While the exact date of Guru Gobind Singh’s birth is unknown, considering it changes according to the Nanakshahi calendar of Sikhs, it falls every year in December or January. On this day, Sikhs worldwide send greetings to one another and vow to follow the path and teachings of Guru Gobind Singh.
Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti 2022: History
Guru Gobind Singh’s original name was Gobind Rai, and he was born to the ninth Sikh Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur, and Mata Gujri at Patna Sahib, now in Patna.
He was at the age of nine when he came to be known as the tenth Sikh Guru. He ascended after the demise of his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, to protect the Kashmiri Hindus.
He learned languages like Sanskrit, Urdu, Hindi, Braj, Gurmukhi, and Persian in his childhood.
His hometown was in the city of Anandpur Sahib, currently in the Rupnagar district of Punjab. Later, he left and shifted to Nahan, a place in the hills of Himachal Pradesh, accepting an invitation from Mat Prakash, the king of Sirmur.
In 1699, Guru Gobind Singh, at a gathering, formed the Khalsa Vani- “Waheguru ji ka Khalsa, Waheguru ji ki fateh”.
He also named all his followers the title Singh, which means lion, and founded the five principles of Khalsa.
Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti 2022: Significance
Guru Gobind Singh was known as a great warrior for his inclination towards poetry and, of course, the solid philosophies and writings he stood by.
He is also extremely popular for opposing the Mughal rule in India and leading the fight against the tyranny of the rulers.
Guru Gobind Singh also inspired millions of Sikhs globally because he preached peace and equality. He was against the caste system prevalent in India and all kinds of superstitions that held society back.
He also believed in one God and encouraged Sikhs to follow the 5 Ks he introduced to Sikhism. They were the kanga (comb), kesh (uncut hair), kaccha (undergarment), kara (bracelet), and kirpan (sword).
Lastly, it was also Guru Gobind Singh who introduced the Khalsa Panth in Sikhism. In Punjabi, ‘Khalsa’ means ‘Pure, Free and Liberated,’ while ‘Panth’ means ‘a religious path.’
Therefore, he is also known as the father of Khalsa Panth, and to date, the festival of Baisakhi is celebrated to mark the birth of this order.
Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti 2022: Date
If Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is celebrated according to Panchang, then Guru Gobind Singh Ji was born on Paush Shukla Saptami in Patna Sahib. Going by this, In 2022, the Paush Shukla Saptami Tithi is starting from 10:42 PM on 8 January 2022 and will end on 9 January 2022 at 11:08 PM.
Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti 2022: Celebrations
To celebrate Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti, Gurudwaras across India and the world are lit with beautiful lights and decorations. In addition, a ‘Langar’ is organized in every gurudwara, and Sikhs also perform community service.
In some places, the ‘Nagar Prabhat Pheri’ is also organized, wherein Sikhs join in with great zeal and enthusiasm.
Additionally, ‘Ardas’ is done on this day, and prayers are offered in the Gurdwaras. A special kind of bhajan kirtan is also organized in gurudwaras which people enjoy to commemorate this occasion.
On Prakash Parv, several Sikhs donate things to the poor and needy.
Besides this, the ‘Guru Nanak Guru Vani’ is also narrated so that people get inspired by the Guru’s life and implement some of his teachings in their daily lives.
Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti 2022: Contributions in various fields
He introduced the turban to cover the hair along with the principles of Khalsa or the five ‘K’s.
He laid the rules of Khalsa warriors, like abstaining from tobacco, alcohol, and halal meat and imbibing the duty of protecting innocent people from prosecution.
He named Guru Granth Sahib the religious text of the Khalsa and the Sikhs.
During the battle of Anandpur in 1704, he lost his two minor sons and his mother, who were executed. He also lost his eldest son in the war. He fought the battle of Muktsar against the Mughals in 1705.
His literary contributions include Jaap Sahib, Benti Chaupai, Amrit Savaiye, and many more. He also wrote the Zafarnama, a letter to the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.
Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti 2022: Introduction to 5' K's
He is the list of principles of Khalsa or the Five ‘K’s founded by Guru Gobind Singh:
- Kesh(uncut hair)
- Kanga(wooden comb)
- Kara(iron or steel bracelet)
- Kuchera(short breeches)