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International Day of Neutrality

International Day of Neutrality

The possibility of a utopian world is promoted annually on International Day of Neutrality, December 12. The observance of this day was initiated by the United Nations and focused on advocating and campaigning for mutually beneficial- and friendly relations between countries. A country in a neutral state is not taking any sides in times of conflict or war. Switzerland is an excellent example of neutrality, which chose to remain neutral during both World Wars.

History Of International Day Of Neutrality

International Day of Neutrality was officially declared in a resolution passed by the UN General Assembly in February 2017 and was celebrated on December 12 of the same year.
The duties and rights of a neutral country are set in the Hague Convention of 1907. In international law, a sovereign state that refrains from any participation in a war with or between other countries and maintains an attitude of indifference towards belligerents is defined as a neutral country. In return, belligerents should respect this impartiality. A country in a permanent state of neutrality will remain as such in all future wars.
In 1815, the first country to declare its permanent status of neutrality was Switzerland, and, as a result, thousands of refugees found a haven in this country over the years. But Turkmenistan is the only state recognized as neutral by the United Nations. Resolution 50/80 was adopted by the UN General Assembly on December 12, 1995, recognizing Turkmenistan as an entirely neutral state. The anniversary of this declaration was then established as the International Day of Neutrality on February 2, 2017.
For countries to operate effectively while remaining independent, neutrality serves as an essential concept for the United Nations to gain the cooperation and confidence of its member countries. The UN creates awareness of objectivity to strengthen security and peace in regions where it is needed and, eventually, at a global level so that friendly ties are maintained between countries worldwide. Functions under neutrality include conflict prevention, negotiation, mediation, employing special envoys, consultations, and development activities.

International Day Of Neutrality Timeline

Neutrality for Peacemaking
At the Berlin Conference, the concept of neutrality is used to resolve conflict during the colonization of Africa.

World War I
World War I begins with Switzerland maintaining neutrality.

October 24, 1945
United Nations Founded
The United Nations was established, gaining worldwide sovereignty.

February 2, 2017
International Day of Neutrality
The UN General Assembly announces December 12 as the International Day of Neutrality.

International Day Of Neutrality Faqs

When is World Peace Day celebrated?
World Peace Day or International Day of Peace, is observed annually on September 21.
What is the policy of international neutrality?
Neutrality is defined as the particular status of a country in which it declares itself as a non-participant in war or conflict between belligerent states.
Which European countries and states did not fight in WWII?
The countries and states that adopted neutrality until the end of World War II were: Switzerland (including Liechtenstein), Sweden, Portugal, Spain, Andorra, Ireland, and the Vatican.

How To Celebrate International Day Of Neutrality

  1. Discuss it with others
  2. Neutrality is an exciting concept. Can total peace prevail between countries? Discuss it online on forums or debate this concept with your peers.
  3. Practice mediation
  4. Be a mediator and maintain stability in any conflict you or someone you know is facing.
  5. Learn from history
  6. History serves to prevent us from repeating mistakes. Learn about the United Nations’ peacemaking missions since its formation in 1945.

5 Facts About Neutral Countries Around The World

  1. Switzerland maintains its armed forces
  2. Despite having no military alliances, Switzerland maintains its strong armed forces.
  3. Serbia may change its neutral status
  4. Serbia’s neutrality is subject to change in the future if it decides to join CSTO or NATO.
  5. Ghana’s switch to neutrality
  6. The Government of Ghana implemented a closed-neutral policy following the death of President John Atta Mills.
  7. Japan is ready to defend
  8. Although Japan is bound by its constitution to never participate in wars, it has a history of conflict and war and continues to maintain military alliances and heavily armed forces for self-defence.
  9. Switzerland, the peaceful.
  10. Due to its neutrality, Switzerland has become a famous region for establishing several organizations’ headquarters, like the International Committee of the Red Cross.

Why The International Day Of Neutrality Is Important

  1. Neutrality is essential for humanitarian reasons
  2. Neutrality not only serves the country that is implementing it but during times of armed conflict and war, it is also necessary for NGOs and other humanitarian agencies to take proper care of casualties.
  3. Let there be peace
  4. The concept of a utopian world without conflicts is explored and discussed on forums and events on the International Day of Neutrality. Such dialogues are essential more than ever in present times.
  5. Model states as an example
  6. Neutral countries are an example for other nations on International Day of Neutrality. It is good to learn from these states and realize that war is not the answer.

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