Rishi Valmiki was believed to be a highway dacoit. His last name was Ratnakara. He used to rob people during his early life. When he met Narad Muni, a Hindu messenger, there was a big turn in his life. He started following Lord Rama and meditated for several years. His atonement was declared victorious by a divine voice one fine day. He was renamed Valmiki. In Hinduism, this Sanskrit poet has tremendous spiritual relevance.
Celebration of Valmiki Jayanti
Sometimes, the birth of Maharshi Valmiki is referred to as Pragat Diwas. Hindu devotees shall celebrate the day with enthusiasm. The day is celebrated with meetings and Shobha yatras. Devotees offer free food to mark the day. Prayers are recited as well. The temples of Maharshi Valmiki are attractively decorated with different flowers of various colors. The entire atmosphere will be exciting to watch.
Facts About Maharshi Valmiki Temple
The largest festival of Maharshi Valmiki is situated in Thiruvanmiyur in Chennai. This is a 1,300 years old temple. Rishi Valmiki rested at this location after penciling Ramayana. Later on, the temple was built in his name. Brahmotsavam festival is held every year in March. In the full moonlight, special prayers shall be organized every month. Marundeeswarar Temple supervises Maharshi Valmiki Temple. During the sovereignty of Chola, Marundeeswarar Temple was constructed.
Valmiki Jayanti 2022 Date
The Hindu lunar calendar calculates the date of Valmiki Jayanti. Maharishi Valmiki was born on Purnima (full moon day) of the Ashwin month, around 500 BC. This date falls in September or October in the Gregorian calendar. Calculated according to the Hindu calendar, Valmiki Jayanti 2022 will be observed on Sunday, October 9. Valmiki Jayanti is celebrated as a public holiday in the Indian states of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, and Karnataka, and all public offices, banks, schools, etc., remain closed on this occasion.
Life History of Maharishi Valmiki
Valmiki was born as Ratnakar to Pracheta, a Brahmin of Bhrigu gotra, somewhere around
500 BC. It is believed that Valmiki was a robber before becoming a great sage who robbed people that he found in the forest. After interacting with the Saptrishis, he changed his heart, became a great sage, and eventually became the author of the epic Ramayana.
According to one legend, Valmiki was born in a Brahmin family who lived with his family in the ancient Indian region of Anarta (presently somewhere in Gujarat). Once, the rain stopped pouring in Anarta, and the condition prevailed for twelve years. To feed his hungry family, Valmiki turned into a robber. During his life as a robber, he met and tried o rob the Saptrishi, who felt pity for him. Those sages made Valmiki realize the sins he committed by robbing people and gave him the Rama mantra to recite as a penance. Moved by the words of those sages, Valmiki left his evil doings and indulged himself in the mantra. He became so engrossed and spent so much time in the recitation that anthills came up around his body. When the sages returned, they watched Valmiki packed in the anthill, still reciting the name of Rama. They blessed Valmiki and gave him the name Valmiki as he performed penance while wrapped up in an anthill known as Valmiki in Sanskrit. It is believed that Maharishi Valmiki reincarnated as Tulsidas and composed the Ramcharitamanas. Ramcharitamanas is the Awadhi-Hindi version of Ramayana, the original Sanskrit work of Valmiki.
Valmiki and Ramayana
Valmiki was not just the author of Ramayana, but he also played an essential role in the
story as written in Uttar Kanda, the last chapter of Ramayana. When Rama left Sita after
hearing the words of a washer man in Ayodhya, she found refuge in sage Valmiki’s ashram. Twin sons of Rama and Sita, Luv and Kush, were also born in the ashram of Valmiki. They became the first disciples of Valmiki, whom he taught the Ramayana.
Valmiki Jayanti 2022 Celebration
Sage Valmiki is worshiped as an incarnation of god by the members of the Balmiki sect. Therefore, Valmiki Jayanti holds special significance among the people of the Balmiki religious group, and they celebrate this day in high spirits. On his birth anniversary, temples dedicated to him are decorated, and devotees in large numbers visit the temple and offer him prayers. A famous temple in the Tiruvanmiyur region of Chennai is dedicated to Valmiki, which is believed to be 1300 years old. Devotees from around the country visit this temple on the occasion of Valmiki Jayanti.
Processions of portraits and idols of Valmiki dressed as a monk are carried out on the day of Valmiki Jayanti. This parade is called Shobha Yatra and is generally carried out by people of the Balmiki sect. On the day of Valmiki Jayanti, people also perform charity work and offer food and donations to the poor and hungry.