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Mathematics Day

Mathematics Day

Mathematics Day, on December 22, celebrates the birth anniversary of India’s famed mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan. Mathematicians have regarded Ramanujan’s genius to be on the same level as Euler and Jacobi from the 18th and 19th centuries. His work in the number theory is especially considered and advances in the partition function. Since 2012, India’s National Mathematics Day has been recognized on December 22, with numerous educational events held at schools and universities throughout the country. In 2017, the day’s significance was enhanced by opening the Ramanujan Math Park in Kuppam, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh. Mathematics lovers like Sri Ramanujan are worldwide, and some even support others to improve their knowledge on the subject. If you are interested in pursuing mathematics, you can visit Scholar to find information on mathematics-based scholarships.

History of Mathematics Day

Srinivasa Ramanujan is the brilliant mathematician behind the inspiration for Mathematics Day in India, whose works influenced many across the country and the world. Ramanujan was born in 1887, in Erode Tamil Nadu to an Iyengar Brahmin family. At age 12, despite lacking a formal education, he excelled at trigonometry and developed many theorems.
After finishing secondary school in 1904, Ramanujan became eligible for a scholarship to study at the Government Arts College, Kumbakonam, but could not secure it since he did not excel in other subjects. So, at 14, Ramanujan ran away from home and enrolled at Pachaiyappa’s College in Madras, where he too only excelled in mathematics without managing the same in other subjects and was unable to finish with a Fellow of Arts degree. Living in dire poverty, Ramanujan instead pursued independent research in mathematics.
Soon, the budding mathematician was noticed in Chennai’s mathematics circles. In 1912, Ramaswamy Iyer — founder of the Indian Mathematical Society — helped him get a clerk position at the Madras Port Trust. Ramanujan then began sending his work to British mathematicians, receiving a breakthrough in 1913 when Cambridge-based GH Hardy called him to London after being impressed by Ramanujan’s theorems.
Ramanujan made his way to Britain in 1914, where Hardy got him into Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1917, Ramanujan was well on his way to success after being elected to be a member of the London Mathematical Society, and he also became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1918 — one of the youngest to achieve the esteemed position.
Ramanujan returned to India in 1919 because he couldn’t get accustomed to the diet in Britain. Unfortunately, his health deteriorated, and he died in 1920 at 32. However, his achievements in the field of mathematics are still highly regarded across the globe. Ramanujan left behind three notebooks with pages containing unpublished results, which mathematicians continued to work on for years to come. So much so that in 2012, former Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh declared December 22 — the day of Ramanujan’s birth — National Mathematics Day to be celebrated across the country.

Mathematics Day Timeline

1887
Ramanujan is born
Ramanujan was born in Erode, Tamil Nadu, to an Iyengar Brahmin family, grew up in poverty, and later became a brilliant mathematician who left an indelible mark on the field.

1918
A high achievement
Ramanujan became one of the youngest people in history to receive a Fellow of the Royal Society shortly after being elected to be a member of the London Mathematical Society in Britain.

2012
Mathematics Day is recognized
Former Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh declared National Mathematics Day to celebrate Ramanujan’s achievements on December 22, the day of Ramanujan’s birth.

2019
The Royal Society honors Ramanujan
The prestigious Royal Society — the United Kingdom’s national academy of sciences — tweets a special message in honor of the Fellow.

Mathematics Day Faqs

How do we celebrate Math Day?
There are many ways to celebrate Mathematics Day in India and worldwide. In India, NASI celebrates National Mathematics Day by conducting a workshop on applications of Mathematics and Ramanujan. The workshop is attended by popular lecturers and experts in mathematics from across the country. In addition, speakers at the national and world level discuss Srinivasa Ramanujan’s contribution to mathematics.
Who is the father of Indian mathematicians?
Aryabhata or Aryabhata I was the first of the significant mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy. His works include the Āryabhaṭīya (which mentions that in 3600 Kaliyuga, 499 CE, he was 23 years old) and the Arya-Siddhanta.
What day is World Maths Day?
The International Day of Mathematics (IDM) is a worldwide celebration. Each year on March 14, all countries are invited to participate in activities for students and the general public in schools, museums, libraries, and other spaces.

How To Celebrate Mathematics Day

  1. Read up about trigonometry.
  2. Srinivasa Ramanujan’s earliest stories began around 12, mastering the dizzying logic of trigonometry and developing theorems on his own without assistance. While not everyone needs to celebrate mathematics, it’s still an important subject. Why not try learning the concept of trigonometry yourself or read up about it? It’s one of the most important branches of mathematics and is something every student should focus on. Excellent trigonometry skills allow students to work out complex angles and dimensions in relatively little time.
  3. Watch the movie about Ramanujan.
  4. The brilliant mathematician inspired the field of mathematics and many students across India. If you don’t know much about him, you can watch his incredible success story from the comfort of your home. Consider watching ‘The Man Who Knew Infinity,’ starring Dev Patel. It’s a great biopic of Ramanujan’s inspiring journey.
  5. Encourage other students’ strengths.
  6. If there is one crucial factor to take away from Srinivasa Ramanujan’s fantastic story and success in mathematics, he persevered despite performing horrendously in other subjects such as English, Philosophy, and Sanskrit. This shows that each student has strengths and weaknesses, and while it’s always important to do our best, nurture and complement a student who excels in a particular subject. Who knows, maybe that compliment will help boost their will to perform better and even pursue their interests to incredible heights!

5 Amazing Facts About Trigonometry

  1. The fundamental identities
  2. There are eight Trigonometric identities called fundamental identities; three are called Pythagorean identities based on the Pythagorean Theorem.
  3. An ancient calculation
  4. Trigonometry emerged from applications of geometry to astronomical studies in the 3rd Century BC.
  5. Mathematics as music
  6. Trigonometry is associated with music and plays a significant role in musical theory and production — sound waves travel in a repeating wave pattern, which can be represented graphically by sine and cosine functions — a single note can be modeled on a sine curve. A chord can be modeled with multiple sine curves used in conjunction with one another.
  7. The meaning of Trigonometry
  8. The word ‘Trigonometry’ comes from the word ‘Triangle Measure.’
  9. Trigonometry helps us navigate.
  10. If it was the 1700s, and we knew trigonometry, we’d probably be a navigator on a ship — a good navigator can discover their location, even in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, with some trigonometry and a good clock.

Why We Love Mathematics Day

  1. Mathematics is a universal language.
  2. Whether you love or hate it, you can’t deny mathematics is the order of the world; without it, we wouldn’t be able to make much sense of it. Mathematics is a methodical application of matter that makes our life orderly and prevents chaos. Certain qualities nurtured by mathematics are the power of reasoning, creativity, abstract or spatial thinking, critical thinking, problem-solving ability, and even more effective communication skills. A day to celebrate this field is a day worth celebrating.
  3. It inspires us to educate ourselves.
  4. Mathematics Day is about celebrating and recognizing the brilliant mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan, who taught himself mathematics more after dropping out of college due to not excelling in other subjects. Without a formal degree, Ramanujan pursued research in mathematics on his own, living in stark poverty and on the brink of starvation. His hard work and passion helped him become one of the most recognized mathematicians today, regardless of his bleak circumstances. Hard work, and a little bit of luck, really can lead us to fulfill our dreams.
  5. Practically every career uses math.
  6. Mathematicians and scientists rely on mathematical principles to do the essential aspects of their work, such as test hypotheses. While scientific careers famously involve math, they are not the only careers to do so. Even operating a cash register requires that one understands basic arithmetic. People working in a factory must be able to do mental arithmetic to keep track of the parts on the assembly line and, in some cases, manipulate fabrication software utilizing geometric properties to build their products. Any job requires math because you must know how to interpret your paycheck and balance your budget!

Why National Wreaths Across America Day Is Important

It remembers those who died for our freedom.
Placing wreaths on fallen military members’ graves is a fantastic remembrance gift. On Wreaths Across America (WAA) Day, there’s an annual wreath-laying at Arlington National Cemetery — where friends and family can pay a special tribute to the lives of the people buried there. Plus, a Remembrance Tree program is affiliated with WAA’s Museum in Harrington, Maine. Gold Star families come together for fellowship and harvest balsam tips that are later turned into wreaths.
It honors those who currently serve
National Wreaths Across America Day picks an annual theme that inspires various activities. This year’s theme is “Be Their Witness,” — reminding us of the importance of telling the stories of those who have died. The article is based on the inspirational story of Michael Strobl, a Marine who served in the Iraq War. When one of his comrades fell to enemy fire, Lt. Colonel Strobl demonstrated exceptional loyalty by escorting the body back to the Marine’s hometown in Wyoming after the war.
It teaches young people the value of freedom.
Wreaths Across America Day reminds children that freedom is precious. Paying homage to those who died protecting this country is also essential. WAA offers learning tools, interactive media projects, and opportunities for schools and youth groups to participate in various informational and patriotic activities.

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