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World C.O.P.D. Day

World C.O.P.D. Day

World C.O.P.D. The day is observed every year on the third Wednesday of November. This year, it’s commemorated on November 16. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (C.O.P.D.) is a preventable and treatable progressive lung disease characterized by long-term respiratory symptoms and airflow limitation. Its main symptoms include shortness of breath, cough, and possible chronic sputum production. It’s a progressive disease that worsens over time, making everyday activities such as walking or dressing more difficult. The most common cause of C.O.P.D. is tobacco smoking and other inhaled toxic particles and gasses. Other factors are Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, older age, and genetics.

History of World Copd Day

Physicians have used different terms to describe what was likely C.O.P.D in the past. In 1679, Swiss physician Thé ophile Bonet referred to “voluminous lungs,” In 1769, Italian anatomist Giovanni Morgagni reported 19 cases of “turgid” lungs. In 1814, chronic bronchitis was first identified as a disabling health condition and part of C.O.P.D. by British physician Charles Badham. He was the first person to use the term ‘catarrh’ to describe the ongoing cough and excessive mucus that C.O.P.D. produces. In 1821, physician René Laënnec, the stethoscope inventor, recognized emphysema as another component of C.O.P.D. As smoking wasn’t common during the early 1800s, he identified air pollution and genetic factors as the principal causes of the development of C.O.P.D. In 1846, John Hutchinson invented the spirometer, which measures vital lung capacity and is still essential in diagnosing C.O.P.D. today.
The first person thought to use the term “chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder” was Dr William Briscoe at the 9th Aspen Emphysema Conference in June 1965. In 1976, Charles Fletcher, a physician, linked smoking to C.O.P.D. in his book “The Natural History of Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema.” He and his colleagues discovered that stopping smoking could help to slow the progress of C.O.P.D. In the past, oxygen therapy, steroid treatment, and exercise were considered dangerous for people with C.O.P.D. Inhalers and mechanical ventilators were introduced in the early 1960s. The concept of pulmonary rehabilitation and home care was also presented at the ninth Aspen Emphysema Conference. Today, long-term oxygen therapy through these means is the only treatment known to alter the course of C.O.P.D.
The 1990s saw a rise in the use of medication to manage C.O.P.D. symptoms and restore pulmonary function. The promotion of C.O.P.D. education meant quitting smoking and clean air awareness became the primary focus of self-care treatment. Healthcare professionals stress the importance of diet and physical exercise as part of a C.O.P.D. rehabilitation program.

World COPD Day Timeline

1679
Possible First Record of C.O.P.D.
Swiss physician Théophile Bonet refers to “voluminous lungs” to describe what was likely C.O.P.D.

1814
Chronic Bronchitis Identified as Part of C.O.P.D.
British physician Charles Badham discovers that it is also a disabling heart condition.

1821
Emphysema Identified as Part of C.O.P.D.
Physician René Laënnec recognizes emphysema, air pollution and genetic factors as the principal causes of the development of C.O.P.D.

1846
John Hutchinson Invents the Spirometer
It remains an essential tool in diagnosing C.O.P.D. to this day.

June 1965
First Use Of “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder”
Dr William Briscoe used the term at the ninth Aspen Emphysema Conference, where pulmonary rehabilitation and home care were introduced as treatments.

1976
Charles Fletcher Links Smoking to C.O.P.D.
He and his colleagues discover that stopping smoking can help slow the disease’s progress.

World COPD Day Faqs

Does C.O.P.D. show up on an x-ray?
An x-ray can show enlarged lungs, air pockets (bullae), or a flattened diaphragm, but usually only once the disease has become severe.
Can C.O.P.D. affect your eyes?
Yes, people with C.O.P.D. have lower retinal arterial oxygen levels, which can cause issues with vision.
Are C.O.P.D. and asthma the same thing?
No, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma are different, although they both affect the lungs and make breathing hard.

How To Observe World Copd Day

Visit your doctor if you think you’re at risk.
If you are — or know someone who is — a smoker or have parents that have suffered from C.O.P.D., this is a good opportunity to check with your general practitioner. You can also do a simple breath test online for free to see if your lung capacity is normal.
Read more information about C.O.P.D.
The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) ‘s website has a lot of information about the topic, and each year they choose a specific theme for World C.O.P.D. Day. They also have even more activities you can do to observe this day, including conferences about the topic that they organize.
Spread awareness of C.O.P.D.
You may not have it, but others may not be so lucky; worse, they could not realize they are sick. Share articles on social media with your friends and family using the hashtag #WorldCOPDDay.

5 Facts About C.O.P.D. You Should Know

Chronic Bronchitis
Over 8.9 million Americans had it in 2016, and nearly 75% of cases involved people over 45.
Emphysema
Around 3.5 million Americans had it in 2016, and over 90% of cases involved people over 45.
Women have higher rates of C.O.P.D.
In the United States, women are 37% more likely to have C.O.P.D. than men and are especially vulnerable before age 65.
Secondhand smokers can also get it.
If the contact is heavy or long-term enough, it’s possible.
Current treatments cannot repair damaged lungs.
However, some treatments may reduce the risk of flare-ups.

Why World COPD Day Is Important

It’s an opportunity to make more people aware.
Despite how common it is, many people don’t quite know what C.O.P.D. is and how it affects them. They may already have the symptoms and not realize it by dismissing them as just some cough.
It’s a day when experts discuss new ways to reduce the problem.
As we’ve mentioned, the GOLD organizes international conferences about this topic, including satellite conferences. That way, every professional can learn about the newest findings and help all of us.
It’s important to remember the facts.
With the stress of daily life, it’s possible to forget whether or not we’re at risk or how serious this disease is. This day is a reminder of the data, symptoms, prevention methods, and treatments.

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