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Engineers Day

World Engineers Day

World Engineers Day

World Engineers Day, celebrated every September 15, serves to appreciate engineers and their contributions to society. Engineers are professionals who invent, design, and build complex systems, structures, and materials to fulfil functional objectives and deliverables, keeping in mind factors such as practicality, regulation, safety, and cost. The word ‘engineer’ is derived from the Latin words ‘ingeniare’ (which means ‘to create or generate’) and ‘Ingenium’ (which means ‘cleverness’). An engineer typically would require foundational qualifications of a four-year bachelor’s degree in any of several engineering disciplines — or, in certain peculiar jurisdictions, a master’s degree in an engineering discipline with an addition of four to six years of peer-reviewed professional practice, which would then result in a thesis, and then, conclusively, a passing of engineering board examinations.

What is Engineer's Day?

Engineer’s Day celebrations in India are held every year on September 15 to commemorate the birth anniversary of Bharat Ratna Sir Mokshagundam Vishveshvarya. He was the most illustrious Indian engineer and an eminent scholar and statesman. Engineer’s Day was first observed in 1968, and ever since, it has been one of the most significant occasions in Indian academia, mainly observed by engineering communities across India. The year 2018 will mark the 50th anniversary of Engineer’s Day celebrations and the 157th birth anniversary of Sir Vishveshvarya.

History Of World Engineers Day

The inventions of Thomas Savery and James Watt laid the foundation of modern mechanical engineering. The development of specialized machines and the maintenance of these tools during the Industrial Revolution gave rise to the rapid expansion of mechanical engineering in its birthplace of Britain and beyond.

The field of electrical engineering was marked and impacted by the experiments of Alessandro Volta in the 19th century. Other significant contributions to the development of the discipline were the experiments of Michael Faraday, Georg Ohm, and others — as well as the groundbreaking invention of the electric motor in 1872. This field of engineering eventually became a profession late in the 19th century. Electrical engineers had built a global electric telegraph network, and the first electrical engineering institutions backing this discipline were established in the United States and the United Kingdom. While it is difficult to name the first electrical engineer with certainty, it is noteworthy that Francis Ronalds was a standout individual in the field, having created the first working electric telegraph system in 1816 and documented a personal vision of the transformation of the world by electricity.

The field of electronics was founded in the late 19th century through the work of James Maxwell and Heinrich Hertz. The eventual inventions of the vacuum tube and the transistor would further bolster the development of electronics to the extent that practitioners of electrical and electronics engineering currently outnumber any other engineering speciality. Chemical engineering also developed in the 19th century, during the Industrial Revolution. With the increase in need, and invariably demand, for large-scale chemical production came the creation of an entirely new industry: chemical engineering.

Why do we celebrate Engineer's Day?

Sir Mokshagundam Vishveshvarya, also known as Sir MV, is considered the father of Indian Engineering due to his enormous contributions and innovations in the field of engineering and the development of society. To honour and acknowledge his outstanding contributions and to inspire and acquaint future generations with his fantastic body of work and achievements, his birth anniversary has been celebrated as Engineer’s Day in India since 1968. Thus, Engineer’s Day is a celebration of the role and significance engineers play in nation-building and their persistent endeavours to make this world better and more comfortable.

Know all about Mokshagundam Vishveshvarya

Sir MV was born on September 15, 1861, in Muddenahalli village, Chikkaballapura district of erstwhile Mysore State. He is best known for his design of the Block irrigation system, flood controlling mechanism, and inventing and patenting an innovative design of automatic floodgates for dams for causing the excess inflow to pass safely without raising the water level, amongst myriad others. In 1915, he was honoured with the Knight Commander of the Order of Indian Empire by King George V. Post independence. In recognition of his unparalleled contributions, the government of India conferred upon him its highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna, in 1955. Sir MV took his last breath on April 12, 1962, in Bangalore, India.

How To Observe World Engineer's Day

  1. Appreciate an engineer.
  2. In celebrating World Engineers Day, appreciate any engineer around you. Tell them how important they are and that you value their contribution to the growth of society.
  3. Watch an engineering documentary.
  4. Watch one of the many engineering programs on T.V., “Colossal Machines” or “Superships”, is an excellent place to start.
  5. Try to build something.
  6. We all have a little engineering spirit in us. You can bring yours to life by building.

Why World Engineers Day is Important

  1. We appreciate our engineers.
  2. We love World Engineers Day because we get to appreciate our engineers. Today is just about celebrating the engineering professionals around us.
  3. It’s an opportunity to learn how stuff works.
  4. World Engineers Day also provides an opportunity (through watching a documentary, for instance) to understand how some stuff works. By watching, say, “How It’s Made,” we make a lot of exciting discoveries about how some of our favourite devices are produced and assembled.
  5. Engineering benefits society
  6. We love engineering because it impacts society so positively. We actually cannot do without engineering and engineers.

Events and celebrations

Engineering communities, societies, forums, public and private sector companies and engineering colleges organize various events to mark the celebrations of Engineer’s Day. Generally, the Day begins with paying tribute and garlanding the statue and portrait of Sir MV on-premises and on campuses. This is followed by keynote speeches, lectures and seminars delivered by prominent individuals of their respective domains, highlighting the significance of Sir MV’s inventions and his various accomplishments in engineering. Workshops and roundtable conferences are also conducted in companies working in the field of civil and other disciplines of engineering.
On college premises, teachers and faculty members enlighten students about the life and endeavours of Sir MV and urge them to instal the dedication and brilliance he exhibited towards his chosen field and career. Students participate in various competitions in the technical festival and cultural activities organized to accentuate the Day’s importance. Students also exhibit technical projects addressing some imminent problem faced by society or country.
Furthermore, Engineer’s Day provides an opportunity for the current generation of engineers to ponder and reflect on the various problems the society and nation face and how to channel their collective and individual efforts to arrive at the best and most effective solution. Every year Council of the Institutions chooses a theme for the Engineer’s Day celebrations. “Role of Engineering in the Developing India” was the 2017 theme for Engineer’s Day.

Interesting Facts about Engineering

  • India produces around 1.5 million engineering graduates every year. That’s more engineers annually than twice the population of Iceland.
  • Nearly 16 per cent of startups in Silicon Valley have had an Indian co-founder.
  • There were around 10,396 AICTE-affiliated engineering institutes in India from 2017-2018. Maharashtra is leading with 1564 institutes, followed by Tamil Nadu, with 1339. Andaman and Nicobar islands have only one engineering institute.
  • College of Engineering, Guindy in Chennai, established in 1794 by the British Empire, is the oldest engineering premises in India.
  • In the world’s top 200 universities list, QS World University Ranking has placed the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi at 172, IIT Bombay at 179, and IISc at 152 in its 2018 rankings.

Engineers Days in the World and Other Countries

Most countries celebrate Engineer’s Day on different dates per their local history and significance. For example, Mexico celebrates Engineering Day on July 1.

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